Virtual Reality on Marine Business

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Virtual Reality is a technology that is ready to be implemented in our daily lives. This Article concentrate on the use of VR in the maritime industry.

During the past few years’ VR has become more and more used in the construction and real estate industry and has a lot of potentials to become a great tool for Marine and Vessel surveying and management.

In 24 Marine we have few years implementing virtual reality as part of the survey package standards for Vessels, boats, Industrial, and cargo surveys.

During all this time we have received many comments and feedback from our customers and affiliates, which we are summarizing in this article.

Benefits of Virtual Reality for Maritime Industry:

  • Immersive visual experiences help streamline expectations for project delivery and clarity of the spaces inspected.
  • Potential boats buyers can get valuable insights into the various spaces, layouts, compartments, and equipment.
  • Vessels regulators (flag states, port controls, class societies, insurance companies, etc.) can have a truly clear view of spaces around the vessel, critical areas.
  • Incident investigations can benefit from VR to document in detail the area conditions and possible to identify causes and contributing factors.
  • Another great benefit of the VR model is to vessel and installation managers also can include metadata that contains the names and equipment details as well as operations and maintenance documentation. See an example here

See article from VR survey from the user perspective HERE

Why boats Sea Trials?

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Having a boat Sea trial for the first time should be an essential part of the process to buy a Boat and is the most practical test you can perform on your new boat. Buying a boat is very emotional and when the human act on emotions can forget the things that really matter.

When testing a new boat, always try:

  1. Create a real-life atmosphere on the boat, as close as possible to a typical day.
  2. Ensure to set targets for performance (RPM, speed, trim, roll, etc.)
  3. Play the different roles on board (driver, passenger, helper). Get the feeling!!!
  4. Try to replicate the future use (Sports, fishing, cursing, etc.)
  5. Bring the boat to max speed (30 Knots if possible), perform a hard turn, and test conditions in rough waters.
  6. At calm waters, center the wheel and note how well the boat keeps its straight line.
  7. Heading into and away from the sun, compare glare and reflections.

A test ride is not just a pleasure cruise, it is your best chance to see how the vessel responds, accommodates passengers, and fit to your needs as a potential owner.

Spend the time wisely and get the feeling as if you own the boat already.

24 Marine Smart Surveyors are available to assist you on get a full assessment of the boat you are planning to buy.

Vessel Conditions Surveys without affecting operations

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We have been performing conditions surveys onboard vessels, for many years now.

One of our main objectives is not to affect vessels-cargo operations during inspections. For this reason is very important to plan, here few details to consider for a Successful condition survey while in port.

– Full contact with the superintendent at least a week before.
– Coordination with Master, (to prepare documents, spaces to inspect, etc) and post-survey comms.
– Early coordination with local Agent, to understand vessel plans (port call, anchorage time, others)
– Once onboard have a pre-meeting with chiefs from all departments and Master.
– Need to understand the vessel plans and priorities, adjust vessel inspection based on that.

Safety pins for CO2 Valves

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CO2 Cylinder Valves

In many locations we have detected the misunderstanding on the usage or not of safety pins on CO2 Systems Cylinders Valves.

As per FSS Code Chapter 9. “2.1.1 Any required fixed fire detection and fire alarm system with manually operated call points shall be capable of immediate operation at all times”

There are two types of valves for automatic release CO2 Cylinders:

Type A Valves: For type A cylinder valve, the safety pin acts as a safety device during transportation, installation and testing phases. The pin must be removed to commission the system otherwise the CO2 system is inoperable.

Type B Valves: For type B cylinder valve, the safety pin is necessary to prevent the unintended discharge of CO2 due to vibration and the pin is required to remain in place until discharge of the CO2. Where the CO2 is discharged remotely from a fire station, the CO2 can be discharged without removal of the safety pin.

24marine.com has a team of professional surveyors, engineers, and naval architects that are ready to inspect any vessel at Latin America.

24Marine Marine Cargo 3D Laser Scan Panama IHM Surveyors Panama Canal Hazmat Yachts Conditions Surveys Damage Claims Vessel Valuations Prepurchase Surveys Precharter Surveys ROV Drones remote inspections IHM surveys
Panama Latinamerica Vessel Surveyors 24 marine.
24 marine yacht surveyors sailboat surveyors damage claims condition inspeccion de riesgos inspeccion de siniestros botes lanchas.
24 marine ROV Panama Drones Remote inspections

Latinamerica 3D Laser Scanning Engine Room

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Today digitalization also applies to vessels, by performing a 3D laser scan of vessel compartments we can recreate a digital model of the engine room, the model is used for design and project planning, like BWTS retrofits, EGCS retrofits and drydocking upgrades.

24marine.com has a team of scanners, processors, engineers, and naval architects that are ready to scan any vessel in Latin America.

Videos say 1000 words…      See our professional team performing a scanning project.

24Marine Marine Cargo 3D Laser Scan Panama IHM Surveyors Panama Canal Hazmat Yachts Conditions Surveys Damage Claims Vessel Valuations Prepurchase Surveys Precharter Surveys ROV Drones remote inspections IHM surveys
Panama Latinamerica Vessel Surveyors 24 marine.
24 marine yacht surveyors sailboat surveyors damage claims condition inspeccion de riesgos inspeccion de siniestros botes lanchas.
24 marine ROV Panama Drones Remote inspectionsmarine 24marine.com

Surveys during Panama Canal

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Panama Canal transit time is normally between 10 to 12 hours, this time give Operators, Charters, and Owners the opportunity to perform surveys. Panama Canal Authority has limits on critical equipment tests, enclosed space entries, and any other activities that could affect the vessel operations while in transit.equipment test at the anchorages.

Here below factors we normally take into account before deciding if performing the survey while the vessel is transiting the canal:

  • Panama Canal transit time is normally between 10 to 12 hours, this time give Operators, Charters, and Owners the opportunity to perform surveys. Panama Canal Authority has limits on critical equipment tests, enclosed space entries, and any other activities that could affect the vessel operations while in transit.equipment test at the anchorages.
  • Here below factors we normally take into account before deciding if performing the survey while the vessel is transiting the canal:
  • For surveys that need equipment test, we can use some anchorage time, before or after canal transit.
  • If the vessel is planned to have a stop-over in the lake, it is a good opportunity to check the bridge and decks.
  • Canal transit time is perfect to inspect Engine room areas and interview Engineers.
  • Bunker time before or after Canal is a good time to interview Bridge Crew.
  • Tanks inspections is possible at the anchorages.
  • IHM Surveys is possible during Panama Canal Transit without the need for Anchorage time.
  • 3D Scanning is only possible during Anchorage time and/or port call, as the vibration while the vessel is moving can affect the quality of the 3D Scans.
  • ISM-MLC-ISPS Audits, possible during Canal, and timing the critical equipment test at the anchorages.

In 24marine.com we are looking all options and possibilities to perform surveys, taking advantages of any time available, while respecting regulations and operations limitations.

24Marine Marine Cargo 3D Laser Scan Panama IHM Surveyors Panama Canal Hazmat Yachts Conditions Surveys Damage Claims Vessel Valuations Prepurchase Surveys Precharter Surveys ROV Drones remote inspections IHM surveys
Panama Latinamerica Vessel Surveyors 24 marine.
24 marine yacht surveyors sailboat surveyors damage claims condition inspeccion de riesgos inspeccion de siniestros botes lanchas.
24 marine ROV Panama Drones Remote inspectionsmarine 24marine.com

3D Laser Scanning for Boats

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In Naval architecture and marine engineering, 3D documentation is used to support design, construction and new system installations on-board vessels. It provides designers and planners a helpful tool for collecting accurate documentation to create 3D models of the actual vessel configuration.

Laser scanning adds great and easy flexibility, with millimeter precision space and surface geometry, to prepare and plan designs in a digital twin.

24marine.com

Vessel 3D Laser Scanning Panama Canal

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Panama Anchorages (Balboa and Cristobal) provide opportunities prior or after Panama Canal Transit to carry on an Effective 3D scanning by 24marine.com experts.

The transit waiting time average from 2 to 4 days, a time that can be effectively used for preparations for Ballast Water Treatment retrofit, also for EGCS (Scrubber) retrofit, using Laser Scanners.

The professional team Scanning crew, Modelers, Engineers, and Naval Architects, are ready to take any 3D laser scanning projects.

Using State of the art equipment from Faro and Zoller + Fröhlich, we can provide 3D scanning service for Vessels, able to deliver Raw data, Pre-registered, Registered and Modelled, as requested.

Laser scanning can often be done while the ship is at the anchorage and operations, the technique is very comprehensive and precise compared to hand measurements and reduces or eliminates the need for follow-up site visits.

24Marine Marine Cargo 3D Laser Scan Panama IHM Surveyors Panama Canal Hazmat Yachts Conditions Surveys Damage Claims Vessel Valuations Prepurchase Surveys Precharter Surveys ROV Drones remote inspections IHM surveys
Panama Latinamerica Vessel Surveyors 24 marine.
24 marine yacht surveyors sailboat surveyors damage claims condition inspeccion de riesgos inspeccion de siniestros botes lanchas.
24 marine ROV Panama Drones Remote inspectionsmarine 24marine.com

WHAT IS IHM (Inventory of Hazardous Material)?

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IHM is a list that provides ship-specific information on the actual hazardous materials present on board, their location, and approximate quantities onboard vessels.

The purpose of an IHM survey is to provide ship owners, managing agents, crews, engineers, and workers with a management report of all the hazardous materials which, are on-board the vessel.

The main materials that the IHM survey covers:

  • Asbestos
  • PCB’s
  • TBT’s
  • ODS.
  • PCT
  • PBB
  • lead in paint.

The IHM has the following parts:

  • PART I: Materials contained in ship structure or equipment
  • PART II: Operationally generated wastes, and
  • PART III: Stores

The IHM Part I shall be prepared and certified for new ships and ships in operation and shall be maintained and kept up to date during the operational life of the ship, while the IHM Part II & III are only required to be prepared when the ship is decided to be sent for recycling. For the preparation of IHM Part I, hazardous materials set out in appendix 1 and 2 of the HKC or Annex I and II of the EU SRR shall be investigated.
The picture below shows part I, part II and part III.

IHM Part I for new ships should be developed at the design and construction stage based on suppliers’ declarations on the hazardous material content of the products. The determination of hazardous materials present on board existing ships should, as far as practicable, be conducted as prescribed for new ships. Alternatively, in the case where documentation is not available, samples shall be taken from the ships to investigate the hazardous materials.
For new ships, all the hazardous materials listed in Appendix 1 & 2 or Annex I & II shall be investigated, while for ships in operation Appendix 1 / Annex I is a must, and Appendix 2 / Annex II is to be investigated as far as practicable.

There are two main legislations with respect to ship recycling in the market, one is IMO Hong Kong Convention (HKC) SR/CONF/45 and the other one is the EU Ship Recycling Regulation (EU SRR) EC No 1257/2013. HKC has in total of 6 guidelines and MEPC.269(68) is the guidelines for the development of the inventory of hazardous materials (IHM) under IMO.

The Hong Kong Convention:

It will enter into force 24 months after the date on which the following conditions are met:

  1. Signed by at least 15 states;
  2. The combined merchant fleets of the signatory states are not less than 40% of the GT of the world’s merchant shipping,
  3. The combined maximum annual ship recycling volume of the signatory states, during the preceding 10 years, is not less than 3% of the GT of the combined merchant shipping of the same states.

The entry into force conditions of HKC is not met yet (Aug 2020) and its compliance is on a voluntary basis.
HKC will apply to ships, operating in the marine environment, which is equal to or above 500 GT. Navy ships and domestic ships are excluded from the scope.

According to the EU Ship Recycling Regulations:

  1. New ships flying a flag of an EU member state, shall be delivered with a valid IHM which is certified;
  2. End-of-life ships going for recycling shall have a valid IHM certified and shall be sent to one of the recycling facilities in the EU List of approved ship recycling facilities.
  3. Existing ships flying the flag of an EU member state and third-party ships visiting EU ports and anchorages, from 31 December 2020, shall have a valid IHM on-board, which is certified.

“New ship” means a ship for which either:

  • the building contract is placed on or after the date of application of this Regulation;
  • in the absence of a building contract, the keel is laid or the ship is at a similar stage of construction six months after the date of application of this Regulation or thereafter; or
  • the delivery takes place thirty months after the date of application of this Regulation or thereafter.

Cargohold Condition Survey with Virtual Reality

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Every vessel or offshore installation, no matter the size and type, has a high potential accident opportunity. While the seaman, surveyors, contractors may be experts in one area, they may not be fully aware of the dangers and potential accidents that can happen onboard.

We in 24marine strongly believe that virtual reality can contribute to decrease the number of preventable accidents and bring a new dimension of details on the survey reporting systems. It has the potential to document conditions, detect failures, perform tests, and save lives in the long-term.

In the video below 24marine team conducted a Virtual Reality Survey on a Cargo Hold, using Enterprise Level Drones and Virtual Reality post-processing referring the spaces to the vessel drawings.  To navigate virtually inside the cargo hold, please click on this link http://www.24marine.com/vrcargohold/

Cargohold inspection with Virtual Reality by 24marine.com

The virtual replication of the surveys spaces allows decision makers to assess the survey areas, in details and without risking any life, a part of introducing big savings on scaffolding, equipment and preparation time. Below a summary of benefits of using virtual reality in cargo hold and confined spaces onboard ships:

  1. Increase quality.
    Virtual reality offers a common spatial experience that leads to better decision-making. Because there are almost no misinterpretations.
  2. Save time and money.
    By allowing a better pre-planning stage, as drones and virtual reality crew and sets are reduced compared with other techniques as scaffolding, ropes crews, cherry-pickers.
  3. Improve survey review.
    The inspected area gets recorded in real time (real life), can be analyzed and re-analyzed as many times as required.
  4. Reduce downtime.
    Surveys performed by drones and Virtual Reality, reduced the impact of surveys times on vessels busy and tied schedules.

Fish Census by ROV

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The motion capabilities by ROVs provides new possibilities in surveying methodology not capable by other deep-water (>30 m) or video-based survey techniques. ROV-based sampling strategies often reflected the aims of the study, which could be classified into six major types (Study at the University of Tasmania, Australia https://www.utas.edu.au/):

  1. Surveys in natural habitats,
  2. Surveys on artificial structures,
  3. Surveys in marine protected areas
  4. Opportunistic/exploratory surveys without the use of transects,
  5. Studies that evaluate the effectiveness of ROVs, and
  6. Studies that compare ROVs with other survey methods

ROV can make fish react in different ways, (attraction or avoidance). Studies suggest that most species (68%) behaved neutrally towards the vehicles. But the other 32% Responses to ROV are related to the following factors:

  1. Fish species
  2. Size-specific
  3. ROV Illumination
  4. Thrusters sound emission
  5. Speed of the vehicle
Fish Census by ROV 24marine.com

During Fish Census apart from the Size and Number the most important factor to check is fish health.

  • Regular observation allows farmers to monitor welfare for fish, feeding processes, water conditions and fish behavior.
  • Healthy fishes are profitable farms.
  • Finding symptoms early by monitoring fish behavior, can reduce big losses.
  • Infectious diseases are one of the biggest causes of Loss.

ROV surveys allow for systematic inspection of the sampling area. It is potentially useful where rapid assessments of species diversity within a complex habitat are required.

For more information please go to http://www.24marine.com/, and for many articles check www.fisheries.noaa.gov

Remote Inspections with Drones on Ships

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During 2019 and 2020, many Class Societies have developed guidelines for Remote Inspection Techniques (RIT) using Unmanned Vehicles as Drones and ROV, in order to assess the conditions of the ship and perform hull conditions surveys with reduced human exposure and lower cost.
 
IACS 42 (Guidelines for RIT), shows the details and recommendations for this type of survey, mainly focus on close-up surveys and gauging.
 
The drone inspection is definitely a way to save time and money and to enhance SURVEYORS safety, as many of the inspected areas are high risk and difficult to access safely. With SMART SURVEY system, our marine surveyors never have to risk their lives by climbing to high places or be exposed to hostile conditions to conduct surveys.
 
The maritime industry has the main focus on the capabilities of Unmanned Vehicles to access and navigate the survey areas. In 24marine we have managed to adapt our Vehicles to be able to confirm whether or not the structure contains defects, such as corrosion, pitting, cracking, buckling, or coating breakdown. In the video below, see our vehicles in actions:

Here a summary of benefits of RIT with drones:

  • Reduce risk for surveyors and inspectors, which are not exposed to the risks of working at height nor, necessarily to enter confined spaces.
  • A lot of time-saving during the inspection.
  • Great potential for enhanced quality evidence when assessing the condition of the spaces.
  • Reducing ship’s downtime and optimizing the preparation before the repairs.
  • Reduce the survey costs
  • Improve the efficiency of inspection techniques
  • Reduce the survey time (real-time streaming)
  • Set limits on conventional risk evaluation
  • Ensure a comprehensive risk assessment
  • Are easy to operate
  • Are environmentally friendly